Standing Up For You

How are traumatic brain injuries treated?

A serious car accident can cause a wide range of damaging effects. This includes traumatic brain injuries (TBI), which can have lasting consequences depending on the severity of the injuries.

According to the Mayo Clinic, TBI effects can range from mild to severe. More serious cases usually require extensive treatment to restore some or all of the person’s previous function. Here are a few things victims of TBI can expect when it comes to treatment and recovery.

Immediate medical care

While all TBI victims should seek out timely medical care, moderate to severe injuries typically require emergency care immediately. Moderate to severe injuries cause symptoms like loss of consciousness, persistent worsening headaches, and significant disorientation. In this case, the person must receive care to reduce swelling or bleeding on the brain. They will also need to be assessed for other types of injury, such as spinal damage. When in doubt, contact emergency personnel as soon as possible.

Surgical treatments

After stabilizing any life-threatening injuries, medical staff will provide additional treatments. The patient may require surgery for skull fractures or swelling. Doctors can also use sutures to stop bleeding. Surgery is often used in conjunction with medications, such as diuretics and anti-seizure drugs.

Physical rehabilitation

There is a wide range of therapeutic measures used to treat TBI patients. Physical therapy builds strength and improves balance, while occupational therapy helps patients relearn basic activities and functions. If cognitive impairments result from the injury, a neuropsychologist can provide effective strategies for coping with these impairments. Speech and language therapy is also beneficial for many TBI patients.

Some limitations can remain even after medical treatment. However, with the right assistance, a person with TBI can go on to lead a full and happy life.